Basic Tools List for Woodworking

Note: This article consists of 4 parts. button to move to other sections at the end of the article

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Starting woodwork, as a beginner or an expert, needs a traditional tool kit, which serves minimal purposes of woodworking. The tools that have been listed below have been securing their place in tool kit. Each having a prominent function to lean upon from ages yet with advancements in their mechanisms.

1. Woodworking books

When you kick start with your woodworking, mastering the finishing, cuts, chambers, end grains is not the one thing that is crucial, learning about each of them involved in the detail of woodworking is a major step. Collecting the best tool kit doesn’t drive the work along, collecting the books needed for your knowledge of carpentry, building your own library, gives virtual guidance and hand in rescue for your job.

Woodworking is also an area unplowed much into, having every jig, tool, material and even torques involved, it is no lesser complicated as masonry, designing or construction. Having a glimpse of a book or guide help eliminate blunders, keeps your art fit, without a personal teacher always beside.

  • Beginner guides: A beginner guide for woodworking is the basic book for your library. So many authors out there has published a beginner guide of each of their kind. Pick one for yourself and binge your wisdom on it. They cover content from basics, safety, materials to choose, tools needed, pros and cons, myths and fears. Examples are woodworking basics, A beginners guide to woodworking of various authors you can choose one from.
  • Complete guide: A sense of the style and designs stipulated by existing great woodworkers is something that helps you create perfection, whose guidelines and strategies help you become a better professional. Woodworking with a router by Fred, hand tools by Aldren, the workbench design book by Christopher, the tree craft by Chris etc is such useful books

2. Wooden Chisels

Chisels are prominent hand working tools in the box of a woodWorker. With their sharp cutting edges held firmly into the wooden, metal or rubber handle, held by a hand, hammered by a mallet or a hammer, piercing into the wood making larger to tiny sections needed, of longer to smaller cutting widths.

Bevel edge chisel permitting angled cuts, paring chisels to clean the grooves, mortises with a straight cut, dovetail joints by dovetail chisels

  • Working:

As said, the chisel should be picked with resisting handles, the thickness of the cutting blades. It should be sharpened from the rare side, the cuttings are done using larger thickness too small.

  • Mortise cuts:

They are created by both mortise chisel and bevel end chisels. The bevel chisel slices the wood with the controlled hammering on the handle, most used of woodworking.

  • Paring cuts:

Also known as shaving off the rough finishes, where the unbeveled edge of chisel produces thin slices, giving a flattened surface, the unbeveled edges keep the chisel flat on the surface tightly varying the position for making flat surfaces and shaving.

  • Chisels Vs gouges:

Chisels have flattened blades whilst gongs have curved cutting blades.

Chisels forms mortises, shavings, the gouge go into curving cuts of the wood. Gouge works in concave surfaces, mostly of tang handle and sockets a few and does Undercuts, mouldings, mill works, deeper carvings. One-fourth inch is used.  Slick chisel with 2inch width, handles are into sockets, back bent chisel does the bent carvings.

3. Circular saw

A circular saw is the power tool teamed by a blade or disc which cuts the materials by advancing with blades, designed as per the cuts, finishing and material picked. Also called table saw. It plunges in a rotating motion.  Has dangerous havoc like kickbacks or deep cuts.

  • Working:

Blade, bladder guard and handle with a motor and a trigger system works for the circular saw. In general, the saw is in motion advancing into the wood, starts by uncovering the blades guard and releasing two triggers system, moves into the wood, making chips off the wood. The number of teeth and the abrasions makes the cuts smooth and accurate

  • Types:

Handheld or machine driven uses the power or hydraulic motors, whilst skill saw is the widely accepted and the hand holding the circular saw.

  • Blades used:

When picking a blade for a circular saw, the one with more number of teeth and smaller bullets to be chosen. Ripping blades having larger bullets facilitates the fast-working and has a smaller number of teeth cuts are not smooth.

Plywood blades and cross-cutting blades have fine teeth which allow smooth finished cuts. Combination blades have the balancing feature of both large sized bullets and also a large number of teeth generally does miter and grain cuts.

Abrasive blades are rough surfaced, effective cutting. Thin kerf is used in machine engineering cuts.

Alternate top bevel teeth are angled, named as all-purpose blade where flat top grind blades have squared tips, fast working blades.

4. Router tools

Router tool is a high-speed rotating woodworking tool, which digs out the portions of the wood. These hand tools work on the efficiency and power of the wood-workers hand.

  • Principle and working:

Run with a 3 motor system or advanced 4 motor system, shank bits to be fitted into its collets, present at the end of its shaft, and carries the work with adjustments.

  • Spindle router Vs CNC router:

Spindle shaper or router forms the chamfers, varies the end decorations with the bits and shank fixes into the collet of the router, and the spindle router clamped at an end

  • CNC router:

Operated by a monitor, with a CAD/CAM programming, shape to be routed is pre-designed by the computer and forms the desired model.

  • Router Bits or shanks:

A router tip is of varying unlimited range based on the diameter of the shank, sizes in the router collet, the shape of the bits, and picked on the compatibility of collet- shank of the router.

  • Half inch Vs one-fourth inch:

Though rather expensive, woodworkers do suggest half inch shank bits as they make precise, no grinding needed and less risked cuts than of one-fourth inch with 6mm and 8mm too.

  • Fixed Vs plunged routers:

The fixed base router has the height adjustment of the router, and locked, while the router bits adjustments occur when locked in plunged routers. Micro adjustments, dovetail jigs, templates, adding and removal of tools, shank changes, bases interchanging goes easier on fixed than the plunged.

5. A block plane

A block plane is a tool, which is used for woodworking.  The tool is very small and therefore, the users can work single-handedly with it. Thus, the small size accounts for the efficiency of the working of the hand-plane. In a block plane, the blade is attached at an angle lower than the rest of the planes. The level of the block plane is situated upwards.

The block plane was made with the purpose of planning the grains, especially, the edges of the boards. The demand for a tool arose which could be held with one hand and the required tasks can be performed with the help of it. Thus, the idea of a block plane came up.

  • What can be done with the tiny tool?

The small size of the block plane makes it handy and easy to use it. Most frequently, the block plane is used for paring the end grains. This is made possible because the blade of the block plane is set at an angle, which is lower than the other planes. This allows the blade to transverse through the grain in an efficient manner. Generally, the blade is set at an angle of 45 degrees in correspondence with the direction of travel. Thus, the edge slices the fibers of the wood as it passes from one end to the other. Moreover, it also plays an important role in woodworking. It helps in cleaning the components by brushing off shaving of the wood.


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